Medjool dates are plump and cylindrical in shape. The skin is glossy and tender with a maple-brown hue, and the meaty amber-colored pulp offers a chewy texture and candy-like sweetness with hints of caramel, honey, and cinnamon. Don't be deterred if there is a bit of white film on the surface of the fruit, as that's just natural sugars crystallizing and rising to the top of the skin. Date fruits grow in clusters on the date palm tree, and more than 1,000 dates may appear on a single bunch. Date palms are known to live as long as 150 years, though their fruit production declines with older age. The Medjool date is typically left to ripen on the tree in order to maximize its natural sugar development.
Medjool dates can be used in both raw and cooked applications. Their natural sweetness makes them great for eating fresh, just take care when biting into one as many whole dates still have pits. The large size of Medjool dates lends well for stuffing with sweet or savory fillings such as marzipan, candied orange, lemon peel, tahini, goat or blue cheese, or nuts like almonds, pecans, walnuts, and pistachios.
They'll keep safely for about a month to a month and a half at room temperature, up to 6 months in the fridge, and up to a year in the freezer.